Data from Planning Commission suggests that out of the whole workforce in India only 10% has some form of skill training (2% with formal training and 8% with informal training) as compared with the countries like Germany, UK, Korea and Japan standing at 75%, 68%, 96% and 80% respectively.
The Labour Report, 2009 highlights the massive skill-demand gap; of the 13 million new entrants joining the workforce every year, only 1.3% (less than 0.2 million people) have received formal vocational training. The differences arise from the fact that 90% of the employment opportunities require employees trained in vocational skills, but 90% of our mediums of formal education (educational institutions) disseminate only theoretical knowledge.
Some initiatives that can be taken towards addressing the challenges related to skill development
Creating awareness about the vocational training and skill development options
Creating an aspiration towards the skill development and vocational training in the psyche of the people so that more people opt for it
By integrating vocational education in all formal modes of education after a certain grade in the educational institutions
Localizing, popularizing and implementing successful international vocational training models to suit needs and demands of the Indian job scenario
Creating a talent pool of trainers and skill instructors through implementation of a system wherein skill instructors are rewarded, recognized and incentivized for their efforts
Linking, employment generation and skill training through subscription to a demand led model
A collaboration amongst the skill base building companies, since there is enough scope for everyone to complement the strengths of each other to achieve the mammoth goal that has been set forth
In the field of training and skill development, Centum Learning is moving ahead to the remotest locations in India to impart skills and training, to make a change in the thought process of people living in farthest locations. Parents in urban locations are aware that skill development is a major task that needs to be fulfilled, but in the misconception of providing their children better future and livelihood parents force their children to follow the rat race and continue doing what their peers are doing, hence creating a saturation in the job market leading to un-employability.
Formal education is imperative, but the solution to the problem of unemployment amongst youth in India is waking up to the need of skill development and vocational training. The youth and parents have their own concerns and apprehensions about the skill development programs. Every parent wants his child to be successful and have a great work environment simultaneously. It is important for the well being of the employees, but the work space of a white collar employee is not the definition of a decent working environment. It is important that you know the work you are hired to do and know it in the best way. This will make you move ahead in the corporate ladder, will make you independent and will also make you self-reliable.
The future of a brighter India is in the hands of the youth and the decisions they make about their work and training. Knowledge and practical experience are invariably different, but providing vocational courses in the formal education system of India will make India a skilled country to live with very less people suffering from joblessness and poverty. So let’s join hands and move ahead carving a better future for India and the generations to come.